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Non-Classical Sound Recordings


09X Call Number Soundtracks Sound Effects
       Nature Sounds         09X Call Number          Fixed Fields
       Reggae Music                East Asian Film Soundtracks          09X Call Number
       Rhythm and Blues         1XX Main Entry          1XX Main Entry
       Latin-American Jazz         245 Title Entry          6XX Subject Headings
       North American Indigenous Music                245|b / 500 Soundtrack Note          Miscellaneous
       Classical Music in Popular Style                245|c Statement of Responsibility  
       Tribute Albums         6XX Subject Headings  
       Karaoke         7XX Added Entries  
       Musical Humour/Parodies         Miscellaneous  
1XX/7XX Main & Added Entries/Authorized Access Points    
        Prominent Names NOT Principle Performer/Composer    
        DJ Mixers    
        Band Names    
245|c Statement of Responsibility    
5XX Notes    
6XX Subject Headings    


09X Call Number

  • NOTE on Classification and Subject Headings: Call numbers (09X) should not be assigned based only on subject headings from derived records. Please check at least one other reputable source (Wikipedia, AllMusic) to make sure the subject headings in the existing record are adequate, especially when the subject heading "Popular music" is present.

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Nature Sounds

500 |a Classical music with nature sounds.

  • Use appropriate subject headings describing the music and the nature sounds, e.g.

650 |a Synthesizer music, Arranged
650 |a Ocean sounds
650 |a New Age music

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Reggae Music

  • Classify Reggae music, regardless of the cultural or geographic origin of the artist/band, in World (see Classifying Terms, World).

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Rhythm and Blues

  • Classic R&B (1970s and earlier--please verify the original recording date with an external source) is classed in Blues along with related styles such as Soul and Funk.
  • Contemporary R&B is classed in Rap if it includes considerable hip-hop elements and Pop if it does not. When the subject heading "Rhythm and blues music" is present in a derived record for a contemporary recording, another source should be consulted to ascertain whether it should be classed in Rap or Pop (e.g. whether the artist is active in hip-hop, identifies as a rapper, etc.)

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Latin-American Jazz

  • Latin-American influenced jazz is usually classified in Jazz (see Classifying Terms).

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North American Indigenous Music

  • Traditional music and/or music indigenous to Indigenous Peoples (First Nations, Inuit, Metis) will be classified as World (CD WORLD).
  • Items featuring Indigenous musicians performing chiefly contemporary popular music sung wholly or predominantly in English are classified in the appropriate category for the type of music, e.g. POP, COUNT, etc.
  • Class an item in WORLD only if the item is not closely associated with an obvious music style and the chief purpose of issuing the item is to promote Indigenous culture.
  • Lyrical content alone should not determine the classification; when in doubt, class in the category for the type of music, e.g. rap, rock, etc.
  • Items in this genre will receive an Indigenous Collection label and will have item cat 1 set as INDIGENOUS.

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Classical Music in Popular Style

  • Classical music arranged in a "popular" style will be classed in the appropriate non-classical category, e.g. Instrumental (CD INSTR); Hooked on Classics. Add explanatory note, e.g.

500 |a Classical music arranged in a popular style.

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Tribute Albums

  • Tribute albums in which various artists are performing works composed by one person will have main entry for that person (see also 1XX/7XX Main and Added Entries).
  • Add a composition statement as 245 |c (even if redundant), to clarify main entry usage, e.g.

099 |a CD FOLK PRI
100 |a Prine, John.
245 |a Broken hearts & dirty windows|h[sound recording] :|bsongs of John Prine /|c[written by John Prine].

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  • Sound recordings issued for the purpose of karaoke, i.e., those items which consist wholly or in part of recorded accompaniments, are classified in the appropriate musical category.

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Musical Humour/Parodies

  • To determine whether a CD containing musical humour (including musical parodies and satirical songs), is classified in the music or Dewey classification, consider:
  • The intent of the item (was the item published to provide humour or musical quality?),
  • The reputation of the performer (is the performer recognized as a comedian or a musician?), and/or
  • Whether the item, or artist’s body of work, contains any non-musical material, e.g. comedic monologues, stand-up comedy selections, extensive spoken introductions, unexpected novelty sounds, etc.
  • A local EPL policy decision has been made for the building of Dewey numbers for musical humour CDs classed in Dewey, i.e. establish the base number for the musical medium, but when directed to use the “add as instructed” table to build the number.
  • Use the add on -0207 [standard subdivision for humorous treatment of a subject] NOT the add on “1” for general principles or musical form, e.g. P.D.Q. Bach’s opera parody will be classed in 782.10207 not 782.11826 or 782.11377; Flanders & Swann musical comedy act will be classed in 782.4202, not 782.42164.
  • Also use:
  • Rec_Type = i
  • Home Location = Audiobook
  • Item cat1 = Spoken.
  • The fixed field Ltxt will be filled with the correct value, i.e. if item is chiefly music, leave as “blank”; if chiefly spoken use “z”.
  • Use appropriate subject headings, e.g. Humorous music, Humorous songs, Musical parodies, Satirical songs, etc.

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1XX/7XX Main and Added Entries/Authorized Access Points

  • See Sound Recordings 1XX Main Entry.
  • Apply the following rules to determine main entry for Non-classical sound recordings. When performers listed on label show no prominence by layout or order, consider the container and the rest of the packaging to determine principal performer.
    • EPL’s local policy over-rides RDA to consider a principal performer the primary creator for non-classical music recordings; this does not include soundtracks. Use the name of the principal performer based on prominence as the main entry, e.g.

    Resource Described: Ella Fitzgerald sings the Cole Porter songbook
    Authorized Access Point: Fitzgerald, Ella
    Compare with RDA’s treatment with Authorized access point: Porter, Cole

    • Enter under the first-named or most prominent principal performer. Make added entries for the remaining performer(s). If desired truncate a long list of performers as 245 $aTitle /$cfirst performer [and 4 others] or in other languages compatible with the 245 (e.g. [et 8 autres], [y 7 otros], etc.)
    • If performers are unknown, (i.e. not stated on item) and all works are composed by one entity (i.e. person or group; can include joint composition), enter under the composer.
    • If performers are unknown (i.e. not stated on item) and works are by more than one composer, enter under title.
    • If there are only 4 performers on item, follow rules 1-4 for main entry, but for added entries:
    • Prominent performer(s): Up to three added entries can be made for the remaining performers. Note that the application of Rule 3 overrides this rules
    • If the 4 performers are equally prominent, make added entries for all four performers.
  • If there are multiple performers performing the work of one composer and there's no one principal performer identified (i.e. a list of names associated with each track) follow instructions at RDA for identification of the creator, treating performers as contributors (RDA with select added entries, e.g.

Resource described: Bring it on home: Black America sings Sam Cooke
Authorized access point: Cooke, Sam
Added entries: Franklin, Aretha; Rawls, Lou; Redding, Otis, 1941-1967, etc.

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Prominent names not principal performer/composer

  • If a decision is made to use a prominently named person as the main entry who is not the principal performer or composer, add explanatory information to the bibliographic and authority records to avoid re-cataloguing, e.g.

100 |a Jones, Quincy
245 |a Classics /|c Quincy Jones
511 |a Quincy Jones, variously composer, arranger, producer and performer.

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  • If an item presents a prominently named DJ/Mixer but also presents a definitive listing of performers in which the prominently named DJ/mixer is either not listed or is listed as only a minor contributor, record the DJ/mixer as a 700 with title main entry. If required, provide explanatory information in 245 $ c or 511 note, e.g.

245 |c [mixed by] DJ Mix.
[the name DJ mix given prominently on label]

511 |a Various performers ; mixed by DJ Attack.
[the name DJ Attack given in insert]

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Band Names


  • For band names such as KC & the Sunshine Band, trace the 1XX as:

110 2\ KC & the Sunshine Band

  • For artists who use a personal possessive with a band name, e.g. Tyler Butler and His Handsome Friends or Bill Wyman & his Rhythm Kings, and also Bill Wyman’s Rhythm Kings, it is preferable for consistency to choose the format of 100 for the personal name and 710 for the band name, e.g.

100 1\ Wyman, Bill
710 2\ Rhythm Kings (Bill Wyman)

100 1\ Butler, Tyler,|d1989-
710 2\ His Handsome Friends (Musical group)


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245 |c Statement of responsibility

  • Ignore statements of composition/production unless they are very prominent (e.g. in title). Provide clarification for electronic music that is often stated as being “produced” not “performed”, e.g.

100 |a Lopazz
245 |c produced [i.e. performed] by Lopazz.

  • For self-titled recordings, or recordings in which the performer's name is stated in the title, a further supplied statement of responsibility or performance statement (511) is NOT required, but if a separate statement of responsibility is also given on the item, record it, e.g.

245 |a Cher’s greatest hits /|c Cher.

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5XX Notes

  • For recordings which have text not written in the Roman alphabet (Chinese, Greek, etc.), add a 500 note, e.g.

500 |aOther information given in Chinese characters only.

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6XX Subject Headings

  • Use subject headings even when it exactly repeats the classification (e.g. 099 $aCD ROCK and 650 $aRock music).
  • Use subject headings which identify specific instrumentation, musical styles or topics, e.g. Guitar music; Saxophone with jazz ensemble; Jazz vocals; New Age music; Polkas (Piano); Rap (Music); Protest songs; Wedding music.
  • When using the subject headings Rock music and Popular music, include a chronological subdivision (as per the the table below) for the original recording date whenever it can be readily ascertained. If such a date cannot be readily ascertained or varies between selections on a title, chronological subdivisions should be omitted. If chronological subdivisions for other non-classical styles are present in derived records (e.g. |a Country music |y 1991-2000), leave as is.
  • Please note that the chronological subdivisions for Anglo-American popular music are not free-floating. They may only be applied to the following subject headings using only the authorized decades indicated below, as per LC Subject Headings Manual H 1916.5, 2.
  • NOTE on Subject Headings and Classifications: Call numbers (09X) should not be assigned based only on subject headings from an existing OCLC record. Please check at least one other reputable source (Wikipedia, AllMusic) to make sure the subject headings in the existing record are adequate, especially when the subject heading "Popular music" is present.
Subject heading Chronological subdivision
Bluegrass music --To 1951; 1951-1960 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010; 2011-2020
Blues (Music) --To 1931; 1931-1930 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010; 2011-2020
Country music --To 1951; 1951-1960 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010; 2011-2020
Jazz --To 1921; 1921-1930 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010; 2011-2020
Popular instrumental music --To 1901; 1901-1910 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010; 2011-2020
Popular music --To 1901; 1901-1910 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010; 2011-2020
Rock music --To 1961; 1961-1970 ... 1981-1990; 1991-2000; 2001-2010; 2011-2020
  • So a recording of early rock and roll from the 1950s (e.g. Buddy Holly) would receive the subject heading Rock music--To 1961.
  • Assign headings for style of music, i.e. Songs, Folksongs, Ballads, Patriotic music, Guitar music etc., qualifying with language of music (one or two) and place of origin, e.g.

650 |a Ballads, English |z United States
650 |a Folk songs, French |z Quebec (Province)

  • Add additional subjects if the music of an ethnic group is represented, i.e. Afro-Americans, Indian tribes, French-Canadians, etc. e.g.

650 |a French-Canadians |z Utah |v Music
650 |a Maori (New Zealand people) |v Music

  • Add additional subject headings if national music is represented (see also LC subject manual H 1917), e.g.

650 |a Iranians |z Foreign countries |v Music
650 |a Music |z France

  • Extend geographical subdivision beyond country level if applicable, e.g.

650 |a Folk music |z France |z Brittany

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099 Call Number

  • Cutter for title of film; double cutter when necessary to ensure that the ‘first’ cutter is for the actual title of the film and make 246 for actual title of film, e.g..

245 |a Original soundtrack of Kidnapped.
246 |aKidnapped

  • Soundtracks from videos/films now classified as  Children’s (e.g. Walt Disney) will be classified as Children's Soundtracks (J SNDTRK). See Classifying Terms, Children’s Soundtracks.
  • Collections of songs from soundtracks of juvenile videos are classed in J SNDTRK. Soundtracks from videos/films classified as DVD TEEN will be classified as Adult in Soundtracks (SNDTRK).
  • Do not class in SNDTRK those items that consist only of music "inspired by" music used in a film, but class in SNDTRK those items that include music from and inspired by a film.
  • If music of a film is recorded in its entirety by different performers than in the original soundtrack, class in a category which is appropriate for the style of music presented, do NOT class in SNDTRK.
  • Do not class sound recordings of music written at a later date for silent films in SNDTRK since it is not the original soundtrack. Class in a category which is appropriate for the style of music presented.
  • The Club Foot Orchestra composes new "soundtracks" for silent expressionist movies (e.g. Metropolis) in which music is performed live with the film as a backdrop.
  • Kurt Weill: Lost in the stars. All versions (including operatic versions) to be kept together in SNDTRK.
  • Soundtracks of Christmas films/musicals are classed in SNDTRK.
  • Generally classify soundtracks of television specials which feature a musical performer in the assigned category for that performer, e.g. Live from Branson, a public television special featuring Daniel O’Donnell is classified in most applicable genre/categorynot POP SOU/F. When in doubt as to whether any filmed musical performance should be classified in SNDTRK or the category for the music, class with the music category.

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099 East Asian Film Soundtracks

  • Class soundtracks of individual East Indian films (including Bollywood) as well as collections of vocal excerpts from various films in SNDTRK (see Classifying Terms, Soundtracks).

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1XX Main Entry for Soundtracks

  • Main entry will be under title for soundtracks in this category.
EPL Policy:
  • It is uncommon to find a principal performer who would qualify as Creator (within EPL’s policy); additionally, many soundtracks are compilations of compositions from various sources. Since EPL is making its own policies for popular music, enter soundtracks under title to make their cataloguing quick and painless, e.g.:
    • The Grand Budapest Hotel : original soundtrack / music composed by Alexandre Desplat [except for a concerto excerpt from Vivaldi, The linden tree by Kulikov, etc.]
    • Veronica Mars : original motion picture soundtrack / music by Josh Kramon [score by Kramon with songs by Lou Rawls and others)
    • Despicable me 2 : original motion picture soundtrack / original songs and themes by Pharrell Williams ; score composed by Heitor Pereira.
    • Frozen : soundtrack / original songs by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez ; original score by Christope Beck.

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245 Title Entry

  • When the type is uniform and the title is continuous on one or more lines, do not rearrange the title from the sound recording to place the title from the film (or musical) in the first position; ensure that a title added entry is made for the actual title of the film.

If the presentation is Original Sound Track Recording Black rain, the title should be cited as:
245 |a Black rain |h [sound recording] : |b original sound track recording.

But, if a connecting preposition exists, Original sound track of Black rain, the title cannot be rearranged and should be cited as:
245 |a Original sound track of Black rain |h [sound recording].
246 |a Black rain |h [sound recording]

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245 |b / 500 Soundtrack Note

  • Use as other title information a prominent phrase from the chief source or elsewhere which indicates that the item is a soundtrack, e.g.

245 : |b music from the movie
245 : |b [the soundtrack]

  • If such a phrase is found on the item but is inappropriate for use as 245 $ b, use as a 500 quoted note. For soundtracks in the adult collection only, if such a phrase is not on the item, make a 500 note to indicate in the bibliographic record that the item is a soundtrack, e.g.

500 |a Motion picture soundtrack.
500 |a Television soundtrack.

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245 |c Statement of Responsibility

  • Record only prominent statements of composition (composers/lyricists) or performance in the statement of responsibility.
  • Statement can be from label or container.

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6XX Subject Headings

  • Do not use 650 |a Motion picture music or 650 |a Musicals for soundtracks unless a further subdivision is used, e.g.

650 |aMotion picture music|zIndia ; 650 |aMotion picture music |vJuvenile sound recordings.

  • Use other subject headings which indicate type of soundtrack, e.g.

650 |aTelevision music

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7XX Added Entries

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  • Re-catalogue duplicates to title main entry.

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Sound Effects

  • See Classifying Terms.
  • Items classified in SOU EFFEC have Fixed Fields Record Type = i.


Fixed fields

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09X Call Number

  • Instrumental music with nature sounds will be classified in INSTR not SOU EFFEC, with appropriate subject headings describing the music and the nature sounds. For example:

650 |a Flute music
650 |a Nature sounds

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1XX Main Entry

  • For sound effects recordings of nature sounds, main entry is for person collecting/recording the sounds.

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6XX Subject Headings

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Revised: August 16, 2018